NGO FORUM FOR PUBLIC HEALTH

PHED

 

 

Public Health & Environment Database

The Public Health and Environment Database (PHED) provides information on NGO Forum and our projects, as well as sector information on WatSan, Public Health and the Environment.

Glossary


Acronyms Related to NGO Forum’s Daily Activities

Sl # Acronym Full Form
1 AAS
Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer
2 AIC
Advocacy and Information Cell
3 ASEH
Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health
4 AGM
Annual General Meeting
5 ADP
Annual Development Programme
6 AYAD
Australian Youth Ambassadors for Development
7 BCC
Behavioural Change Communication
8 BELA
Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association
9 BRDB
Bangladesh Rural Development Board
10 BUET
Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology
11 BETV-SAM
Bangladesh Environmental Technology Verification – Support to Arsenic Mitigation
12 CBO
Community Based Organization
13 CMWSP
Community-managed Water and Sanitation Programme
14 CLTS
Community-led Total Sanitation
15 CHP
Community Hygiene Promoter
16 CHT
Chittagong Hill Tracts
17 CHW
Community Health Worker
18 DAE
Department of Agricultural Extention
19 DANIDA
Danish International Development Agency
20 DART
Deployment of Arsenic Removal Technologies
21 DevCom
Development Communication
22 DSP
Deep-set Pump
23 DTW
Deep Tubewells
24 DPHE
Department of Public Health Engineering
25 DWASA
Dhaka Water and Sewerage Authority
26 DWSS
Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation
27 ECOSAN
Ecological Sanitation
28 EC
Executive Committee
29 ESA
External Support Agency
30 FGD
Focused Group Discussion
31 FNGOs
Facilitator
32 GO
Government Organization
33 GoB
Government of Bangladesh
34 GWP
Global Water Partnership
35 HRD
Human Resource Development for Sustainable Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Programme
36 HHES
Households Income and Expenditure Surveys
37 ICBAMP
Integrated Community Based Arsenic Mitigation Program
38 IGA
Income Generating Activities
39 IRC
International Water and Sanitation Centre
40 IEC
Information, Education and Communication
41 IWSSD
International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade
42 IYS
International Year of Sanitation
43 JICA
Japan International Cooperation Agency
44 J O J
Jibon O Jibika
45 KAP
Knowledge Attitude and Practice
46 LGIs
Local Government Institutions
47 LGD
Local Government Department
48 LGED
Local Government Engineering Department
49 LGRD & C
Local Government Rural Development and Cooperatives
50 MDGs
Millennium Development Goals
51 MSU
MSU Management Support Unit
52 M&E
Monitoring and Evaluation
53 NCSNP
NGO and Civil Society Networking Project
54 NGO
Non Government Organization
55 NGOF
NGO Forum for Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation
56 NRC
National Resource Centre
57 NWMP
National Water Management Plan
58 ORS
Oral Rehydration Salt
59 0&M
Operation and Management
60 PNGO
Partner NGOs
61 PRSP
Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
62 PRA
National Water Management Plan
63 PSF
Pond Sand Filter
64 PSTC
Population Service and Training Centre
65 PSOs
Private Sector Operators
66 RCD
Resource Centre Development
67 RWHS
Rain Water Harvesting System
68 RMP
Rural Maintenance Project
69 SHN
School Health and Nutrition
70 SWS
Safe Water System
71 SDC
Slum Development Committee
72 SWM
Solid Waste Management
73 SACOSAN
South Asian Conference on Sanitation
74 SWOT
Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats
75 SEDA
Socio-economic Development Agency
76 SKS
Samaj Kallyan Sangstha
77 ToT
Training of Trainers
78 UBTS
Union Based Total Sanitation
79 UP
Union Parishad
80 UN
United Nations
81 UNO
Upazila Nirbahi Officer
82 UP
Union Parishad
83 UPI
Unit for Policy Implementation
84 UBTS
Union Based Total Sanitation
85 UWC
Union WatSan Committee
86 VDC
Village Development Committee
87 VDP
Village Defense Party
88 VGD
Vulnerable group Development
89 VIPP
Visualization in participatory Planning/Process
90 VERC
Village Education Resource Centre
91 VSC
Village Sanitation Centre
92 WASH
Water Sanitation and Hygiene
93 WASPA
Wastewater Agriculture and Sanitation for Poverty Alleviation
94 WatSan
Water and Sanitation
95 WSSD
World Summit on Sustainable Development
96 WPT
Water Purification Tablet
97 WWPC
Ward WatSan Promotion Committee

 


Glossary of WSP Terms

Sl # Acronym Full Form
1 Aerated Pond/Lagoon
A natural or artificial wastewater treatment pond in which mechanical or diffused air aeration is used to supplement the oxygen supply
2 Anaerobic Lagoon
A wastewater or sludge treatment process that involves retention under anaerobic conditions
3 Biosolids
Solid organic matter recovered from municipal wastewater treatment that can be beneficially used, especially as a fertilizer. Biosolids are solids that have been stabilized within the treatment process
4 Bucket Latrine
A type of toilet wherein the feces with or without separation of urine are collected in a pail or bucket. Burial: A system of disposal for small volumes of feces, sludge or other solid wastes by digging a pit and covering it with earth
5 Contamination
The introduction into water of micro-organisms, chemicals, wastes, or wastewater in a concentration that makes the water unfit for its intended use
6 Desludging
Removal of sludge or settled solid matter from treatment tanks such as septic/Imhoff tank, aqua privy, interceptor tank or sedimentation tanks
7 Disposal
Discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any liquid or solid waste on land or water so that it may enter the environment
8 Domestic wastewater
Wastewater derived principally from dwellings, business buildings, institutions, and the like. It may or may not contain groundwater, surface water, or storm water
9 Domestic sewage
Waste and wastewater from humans or household operations
10 Ecological sanitation
Sanitation whose design builds on the concept of protecting ecosystems, and which excreta as a valuable resource to be recycled
11 Excreta
Faeces and urine
12 Feces
Excrement of humans and animals
13 Groundwater
Water found below ground level in the sub-soil
14 Landfill
A land disposal site that employs an engineering method of solid waste disposal to minimize environmental hazards and protect the quality of surface and subsurface waters
15 Off-site sanitation
System of sanitation where excreta are removed from the plot occupied by the dwelling and its immediate surroundings
16 On-site sanitation
System of sanitation where the means of collection, storage and treatment (where this exists) are contained within the plot occupied by the dwelling and its immediate surroundings
17 Pit latrine
Latrine with a pit for collection and decomposition of excreta and from which liquid infiltrates into the surrounding soil
18 Pour-flush latrine
Latrine that depends for its operation of small quantities of water, poured from a container by hand, to flush away faeces from the point of defecation
19 Sanitation
Interventions (usually construction of facilities such as latrines) that improve the management of excreta
20 Sewage sludge
A solid, semi-solid or liquid residue generated during the treatment of domestic sewage in treatment works. Sewage sludge includes, but is not limited to domestic septage; scum or solids removed in primary, secondary, or advanced wastewater treatment processes
21 Sewerage
The entire system of wastewater collection, treatment, and disposal
22 Sludge
Accumulated and concentrated solids generated within the wastewater treatment process that have not undergone stabilization
23 Wastewater
Liquid or waterborne wastes polluted or fouled from households or commercial or industrial operations, along with any sur face water, storm water, or groundwater infiltration
24 Sewer
A pipe or other conduit that carries-Sewage sludge, Sewerage, Sludge, Wastewater